* Playing on a smaller rink results in increased puck possession time for each player. * Individual technical skills develop more quickly. * More frequent line changes in the game means more ice time for each player. * Line changes are made quickly since the players are directly beside the playing surface. * Each player's activity increases greatly. * Scoring skills are enhanced since the players have more shooting opportunities. * The goalkeeper's reading of the game and reaction to changing game situations become more effective. * More repetition for goalkeepers. * The game is full of continuously changing situations. * The speed in playing situations increase, which will require quicker mental and physical reactions by the players. * Due to increased tempo, all of the team members take part in solving the playing situations, which leads to a sharing of responsibilities between players. * The feeling of being an important part of the action increases because of the small size of the rink. * Hockey sense, or understanding the principles of the game, is being developed at a young age. * There are no unnecessary breaks in the game (i.e. off-sides, icing).
* More efficient use of ice time and space. * The size of the rink is in proportion with the size of the players. * USA Hockey recommends that teams play with two or three units of four or five players and one goalkeeper, which results in each player having more ice time. * More ice time for practicing and playing is made available to more teams within a single association. * Many teams can practice together by sharing the ice surface.